General Penalty can be imposed under Section 125 on a taxable person, when he/she contravenes any provisions of the CGST/ SGST Act or any rules made thereunder, for which no penalty is separately provided for in the Act. Normally, penalties not related to tax deficiency can be covered under General Penalty.
Yes, under Section 125, General penalty can be imposed on any person—Registered or Unregistered—who had committed offence/contravened provisions of the CGST/SGST Act, for which no penalty is provided under any other section specifically in the Act.
No, in case penalty is levied under any other section for some default, then no penalty can be imposed u/s 125 for the same default on the same person.
Following is the procedure of the General Penalty Assessment Proceedings u/s 125:
Adjudicating or Assessing Authority (A/A) issues a "Show Cause Notice" to the taxable person and, if personal hearing is required, also schedules a date/time and venue.
In case no reply is received from the taxable person, A/A issues a Reminder. Maximum three reminders can be issued.
Taxable person can reply to the issued notice on the GST Portal and also request for a personal hearing in case A/A has not called for a personal hearing in the issued notice.
Additionally, if required, he/she can also file for application of extension offline. If A/A approves application of extension, A/A will issue an adjournment with the new date/time and venue of Personal hearing, if required. Adjournment can be allowed maximum 3 times.
If Personal hearing is not required, A/A, on the basis of taxable person's reply, issues GENERAL PENALTY or DROP PROCEEDING Order. If Personal hearing is required, A/A conducts the personal hearing and on that basis issues the Order. If taxable person does not reply, even after the issue of three reminders, A/A issues the Order as per his/her discretion.
Three clickable tabs—NOTICES, REPLIES and ORDERS are available in case detail page.
NOTICES : To view issued Notices against you by Adjudicating or Assessing Authority (A/A)
REPLIES : To view or add your reply to the issued Notice
ORDERS : To download order issued against your case by Assessing Authority (A/A)
15 days of time is given for furnishing a reply to the SCN.
After logging in to the GST portal, the taxable persons can navigate to Services > User Services > View Additional Notices and Orders option.
If reply to notice furnished by taxable person within 15 days or extended period is satisfactory, then proceedings can be dropped by the officer by issuing an order to that effect and no further action will be taken in this regard.
If reply to notice furnished by taxable person within 15 days or extended period is not satisfactory, then officer may issue order for imposing penalty.
In such a case, the tax official can issue a reminder to the taxable person to furnish reply or appear for personal hearing. Maximum three reminders can be given. If the taxable person neither replies to notice within time specified in notice nor attends personal hearing even after issue of reminder(s), the tax official can issue the Order.
Date of delivery will be considered as "Date of issue".
During General Penalty proceedings, a taxable person will receive an intimation via SMS or email at the following stages:
A. Issue of SCN
B. Submission of each Reply filed by the taxable person
C. Issue of each Adjournment Notice
D. Issue of each Reminder
E. Issue of Penalty Order or Drop Proceeding Order
After the issue of SCN, maximum 3 Reminders can be issued on the Portal.
Taxable person in general are given a time of 15 days to attend personal hearing. They can also seek extension (offline). However, the tax officer can accept the application of extension and grant Adjournments up to maximum of three times on the Portal.
During the General Penalty Assessment/Adjudication proceedings, the case may undergo following Status changes:
Pending for reply by taxable person: When A/A issues a "Show Cause Notice" to the taxable person
Reply furnished, pending for Order by tax officer: When taxable person replies to the Notice issued by A/A
Reminder No. 1 issued: When A/A issues first Reminder to the taxable person in case the taxable person has not responded to the Show Cause Notice within the time specified therein
Reminder No. 2 issued: When A/A issues second Reminder to the taxable person in case the taxable person has not responded to the Show Cause Notice within the time specified therein
Reminder No. 3 issued: When A/A issues third Reminder to the taxable person in case the taxable person has not responded to the Show Cause Notice within the time specified therein
Reply not furnished, pending for order: When taxable person does not reply to the issued Notice even after 3 reminders and the case is now pending order by A/A
Order for creation of demand issued: When GENERAL PENALTY Order is issued by A/A to the taxable person
Order for dropping proceedings issued: When DROP PROCEEDING Order is issued by A/A to the taxable person