Answer: In terms of Schedule II of the CGST Act 2017, development, design, programming, customisation, adaptation, upgradation, enhancement, implementation of information technology software and temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right are treated as services. But, if a pre-developed or pre-designed software is supplied in any medium/storage (commonly bought off-the-shelf) or made available through the use of encryption keys, the same is treated as a supply of goods classifiable under heading 8523.
Answer: The primary implication is that the place of supply rules applicable to services would apply in determining taxability of the supply of software services. The same would be applicable in situations of supply of services involving a temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right. The other implication is that the supplier of software services would not be eligible for the composition scheme.
Answer: Every supplier located in a State or Union territory, whose “aggregate turnover” in a financial year exceeds twenty lakh rupees, is liable to be registered under GST. This limit of turnover for a special category State is ten lakh rupees. ‘A’, whose aggregate turnover is only Rs. 8 lakh in a year, is therefore not liable to registration.
Answer: If the supplies are made by unregistered suppliers, GST is liable to be paid by the recipient, who is a registered person, under section 9(4) of the CGST Act, 2017. Therefore, in this case ‘B’ is liable to pay GST on services provided by these individuals.‘B’ can claim credit of this tax paid by him on reverse charge.
Answer: The rate of GST on IT services is 18%.
Answer: Exports and supplies to SEZ units and SEZ developers are zero-rated in GST. Zero-rating effectively means that no tax is payable on exports but the exporter/supplier is entitled to the input tax credit on inputs/input services used in relation to exports. The exporters have two options for zero rating, which are as follows:
(1) To pay integrated tax on supplies meant to be exported and get refund of tax so paid after the supply is exported.
(2) To make export supplies under a bond or letter of undertaking and claim refund of taxes suffered on inputs and input services in relation to such exports.
Answer: The supply of any service is considered an export of service, where the following conditions are met:
Answer: Place of supply of IT/ITES services is the location of the recipient in terms of section 12 and 13 of the IGST Act, 2017. However, if the recipient is not registered and his address is not available on the records of the supplier, the place of supply would be the location of the supplier.
Answer: Location of the recipient of service is defined in section 2(14) of the IGST Act. A recipient of services is treated as located outside India if his place of business where he receives services is outside India or, if he does not have a place of business, his usual place of residence is outside India.
Answer: Yes, you would be liable to pay GST. A supply is treated as an import of service if the following conditions are satisfied:
The place of such supply would be taken to be the location where the firm is registered (in GST) and the supplies would attract integrated tax (IGST). The factum of which currency was used to pay the consideration is immaterial.
Answer: No. In this case, ‘C’ is covered by the definition of ‘intermediary’ section 2(13) of the IGST Act, 2017. The place of supply of such intermediary service is location of the supplier in terms of section 13(8) of the IGST Act, 2017. As ‘C’ is located outside India, GST is not payable in this case.
Answer: In terms of section 2 (15) of the IGST Act, 2017, the location of a service provider is to be determined by applying the following steps sequentially:
Answer: You are an intermediary and the place of supply of the service provided by you to the principal is in India irrespective of the mode of payment. Hence, GST is payable on the services provided by you as an intermediary to the principal.
Answer: No. A person having unit(s) in a Special Economic Zone as well as outside the SEZ in a State, shall make a separate application for registration for SEZ unit(s) as a business vertical distinct from his other units located outside the Special Economic Zone in that State (Refer Rule 8(1) of CGST Rules, 2017).
Answer: If the laptop bag is supplied along with the laptop in the ordinary course of business, the principal supply is that of the laptop and the bag is an ancillary. Therefore, it is a composite supply and the rate of tax would that as applicable to the laptop.
Answer: The recipient, if registered, has to pay the applicable IGST on reverse charge basis. If the recipient is not registered, the matter is treated as an online information and database access or retrieval service (OIDAR) and the OIDAR service provider is liable to take registration and pay tax.
Answer: Generally, the End User Licence Agreement (EULA) is the legal contract between a software application author or publisher and the user of that application governing the usage. The agreement is renewable and/or could be amended from time to time. To find out as to whether there is an element of supply involved when software is delivered to its customer, the terms and conditions of EULA are material.
The contract for supply therefore assumes significance in this test to decide whether or not there has been ‘temporary transfer or permitting the use or enjoyment of any intellectual property right’.
Answer: An enterprise which participates, either directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, in the management, or control or capital of the other enterprise is an associated enterprise. In the context of GST, associated enterprise is particularly relevant in the case of supply of services, where the supplier is located outside India. In such cases, the time of supply will be the earlier of date of entry in the books of account of the recipient of supply or the date of payment – thus, within ‘associated enterprises’, the levy under GST is attracted once such book entries are made even if no actual payment takes place or no invoice is issued.
Answer: As parts are provided to the customer without a consideration under warranty, no GST is chargeable on such replacement. The value of supply made earlier includes the charges to be incurred during the warranty period. Therefore, the supplier who has undertaken the warranty replacement is not required to reverse the input tax credit on the parts/components replaced.
Answer: ‘D’ is providing service to the OEM. GST is payable on the value of any supplies made by ‘D’ to OEM i.e. in respect of bills raised by ‘D’ on the OEM.
Answer: The defective parts shall be sent for repair on a delivery challan accompanied by such e-way bill as may be prescribed. GST shall be chargeable on the repair amount, including the cost of parts, charged by the repairing centre.
Answer: Delivering services from various locations and integrated pricing for the contract as a whole is the norm in IT/ITES industry. Normally the contract or agreement with the recipient is entered into by one of the branches (let us say “Main Branch”). Therefore, in such cases of service delivery from multiple locations of the supplier to the recipient, the supply could be visualized as consisting of two distinct supplies. First supply- the different branches of the supplier located across different States are making the supply to the main branch which entered into a contact or an agreement with the recipient for the supply of such service. Second supply- main branch is making a supply to the customer. GST is to be levied accordingly. In such a scenario, the main branch would get input tax credit of GST paid by the other branches on supplies made by them to the main branch.
Answer: The second proviso to rule 28 of the CGST Rules, 2017 provides that where the recipient is eligible for full input tax credit, the value declared in the invoice shall be deemed to be the open market value of goods and services.
Answer: No. GST payable on reverse charge basis is to be discharged through cash only. Rule 85(4) of the CGST Rules, 2017 refers.
Answer: The ISD provision under the CGST Act, 2017 is not mandatory. It only provides the manner of distribution of ITC wherever the business entity wishes to distribute the ITC as an Input Service Distributor.
Answer: No separate format for any type of invoicing including self-invoicing has been prescribed. The contents of the invoice have been prescribed in Rule 46 of the CGST Rules, 2017.
Answer: No. The supplies would be treated as inter–State supplies and IGST is chargeable on the same.
Answer: For exports upto 30th June, 2017 refund may be claimed under the provisions of the Chapter V of the Finance Act, 1994. Exports made on and after 1st July would be eligible for refund under the GST law.